TsaroLabs - Security Integrated

The Uncharted Maritime – A Cyber Risk, that India needs to address Immediately.

Maritime cyber risk alludes to a proportion of the degree to which an innovation resource could be a potential circumstance or event, which might bring about transportation-related operations, safety, or security failures because of data or frameworks being corrupted, lost or compromised.

Cyberattacks on overall port offices have featured the critical requirement for port facility security officers (PFSOs) to redesign their network safety information and abilities.

According to IMO (International Maritime Organization), the Maritime Safety Committee, at its 98th session in June 2017, also adopted Resolution MSC.428(98) – Maritime Cyber Risk Management in Safety Management Systems. The resolution encourages administrations to ensure that cyber risks are appropriately addressed in existing safety management systems (as defined in the ISM Code) no later than the first annual verification of the company’s Document of Compliance after 1 January 2021.

Recently, some port communities have taken key first steps to drive cyber security capability development in their environments by engaging with investors and experts. For example, cyber security efforts are rapidly strengthening at key port trade hubs as a direct result of a new wave of investment accelerators, technical centers of excellence, and academic programs focused on innovative technologies, including start-ups in ports and maritime trade logistics.

Cybertechnologies have become essential to the operation and management of numerous systems critical to the safety and security of shipping and protection of the marine environment. In some cases, these systems are to comply with international standards and Flag Administration requirements. However, the vulnerabilities created by accessing, interconnecting, or networking these systems can lead to cyber risks which should be addressed. Vulnerable systems could include, but are not limited to:

  •  Bridge systems
  • Cargo handling and management systems
  • Propulsion and machinery management and power control systems
  • Access control systems
  • Passenger servicing and management systems
  • Passenger facing public networks
  • Administrative and crew welfare systems and
  • Communication systems

Also, Cyber incidents can arise as the result of:

  • A cyber security incident, which affects the availability and integrity of OT, for example corruption of chart data held in an Electronic Chart Display and Information System (ECDIS).
  • An unintended system failure occurring during software maintenance and patching, for example using an infected USB drive to complete the maintenance.
  • Loss of or manipulation of external sensor data, critical for the operation of a ship. This includes but is not limited to Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), of which the Global Positioning System (GPS) is the most frequently used.
  • Failure of a system due to software crashes and/or “bugs”.
  • Crew interaction with phishing attempts, which is the most common attack vector by threat actors, which could lead to the loss of sensitive data and the introduction of malware to shipboard systems.

Perceiving that no two associations in the transportation business are something similar, these Guidelines are communicated in expansive terms to have a far-reaching application. Ships with restricted digital related frameworks might track down a basic use of these Guidelines to be adequate; in any case, ships with complex digital related frameworks might require a more prominent degree of care and ought to look for extra assets through respectable industry and Government accomplices.

A few functional elements that support effective cyber risk management and these functional elements are of not sequential, and all should be concurrent and continuous in practice and should be incorporated appropriately in a risk management framework:

  1. Identify: Define personnel roles and responsibilities for cyber risk management and identify the systems, assets, data, and capabilities that, when disrupted, pose risks to ship operations.
  2. Protect: Implement risk control processes and measures, and contingency planning to protect against a cyber-event and ensure continuity of shipping operations.
  3. Detect: Develop and implement activities necessary to detect a cyber-event in a timely manner.
  4. Respond: Develop and implement activities and plans to provide resilience and to restore systems necessary for shipping operations or services impaired due to a cyber-event.
  5. Recover: Identify measures to back-up and restore cyber systems necessary for shipping operations impacted by a cyber-event.

Few Organizations to watch:

IAPH (International Association of ports and Harbors) – Founded in 1955, is a non-profit-making global alliance of 170 ports and 140 port-related organizations covering 90 countries. Its member ports handle more than 60 percent of global maritime trade and around 80 percent of world container traffic. IAPH has consultative NGO status with several United Nations agencies. In 2018, IAPH established the World Ports Sustainability Program (WPSP). WPSP covers five main areas of collaboration: energy transition, resilient infrastructure, safety and security, community outreach and governance.

ICHCA (International Cargo Handling Coordination Association) -Founded in 1952, is dedicated to improving the safety, security, sustainability, productivity and efficiency of cargo handling by all modes and through all phases of national and international supply chains. ICHCA International’s privileged NGO status enables it to represent its members and industry at large in front of national and international agencies and regulatory bodies including IMO. ICHCA’s International Technical Panel also provides technical advice and publications on a wide range of practical cargo handling issues.

Cyberattack scenarios at the port community level

  • Acquiring critical data to steal high value cargo or allow illegal trafficking through a targeted attack.
  • Propagation of ransomware leading to a total shutdown of port operations.
  • Compromise of port community systems for manipulation or theft of data.
  • Compromise of operational technology systems creating a major accident in port areas.

The Organizational ISSUE: To exacerbate the situation, implications will fill the vacuum made by the shortfall of normal definitions. For instance, when the term ‘cyber security’ emerges in the administration gatherings of numerous associations, non-technical leadership habitually highlight the “IT Person” as the de-facto individual answerable for dealing with the cyber risk. Such a response, and the practically visually impaired spread of this insight inside numerous associations and gatherings thereof, basically addresses a dismissal of aggregate liability. C-level administration could rather embrace by figuring out that digitalization and cyber security “are not IT issues, but rather business issues.” However, establishing a shared vocabulary is just the first step in creating a common language. The challenge remains to bridge the language barrier between technical and nontechnical leadership, with the latter group representing most port community stakeholders.

Asking yourself? What is lacking in Cyber defense of port security?

While the reasons for the lack of a community approach vary with each port, typical contributing factors include:

  1. Lack of a Port Community Policy
  2. Lack of Visibility
  3. Unwillingness to Share Cyber Information
  4. Lack of Resources
  5. Early Warning System
  6. Collaboration Forum

Case Study Example:

  • The Port of Los Angeles Cyber Security Operations Center employs advanced technologies with layered detection capabilities. At the perimeter of the network, some 40 million unauthorized intrusion attempts are blocked every month. Within the network, multiple intrusion detection layers are used to continuously search for, detect and contain suspicious activities.
  • The Port of Rotterdam Authority has developed its own cyber crisis response strategy which includes a Port Crisis Team. The aim of this team is to make strategic decisions on the continuation of safe and efficient handling of shipping. The Port Crisis Team is supported by three action centers. One focuses on maritime issues, another on solving the IT issue at hand and the final center aims to align communication (both inward and outward) between the parties involved.

Recent Scenario in India:

Mumbai Port under Ransomware attack: A suspected cyber-attack of the management information system (MIS) has vastly affected the container terminal run by the state-owned port authority at Jawaharlal Nehru Port which handles about 50% of the overall containerized cargo volume, across major ports in India, this incident was happened on February 21, 2022. This the same port that was under cyber attack in the year 2017 as well, as you see the more blind spotted Ness among the companies that handle the ports and government of India not taking proper measurements like the contingency plans for cyber threats and action response/ Incident response to happen this has been failed. As this port is handled by Danish shipping giant AP Moller-Maersk, which said that the cyber-attack had caused outages in its computer systems globally and couldn’t share proper details.

As these types of attacks will increase the load at other connected ports and without proper contingency plans, we can say it’s a clear “Critical Infrastructure Failure” by the government and by the shipping community which I personally hope they will resolve this at the earliest.

This is one of the key Industrial Control Security failure that a developing country like India, with huge population needs to address immediately as Nation wide threat actors are espying on the areas of vulnerabilities.

Published bySai Ram







Related Tags- cyberrisk, cyberattack, transportation, data, framework, cybertechnology, security, cybersecurity, sensordata, protect, detect, protection

Personal Data Protection Bill 2022

The Digital Personal Data Protection Bill 2022 tries to protect personal data while also pursuing users’ consent in what the draft claims are “precise and plain speech,” depicting the identical kinds of data that will be composed and for what purpose.

Divisions of “significant” dimensions – founded on aspects such as the volume of information they process – should appoint an autonomous data auditor to evaluate compliance with provisions of the law.
Enterprises will be mandated to stop controlling user data if it no longer suits the business objective for which it was amassed. However, users shall have the right to modify and erasure their data.
The administration will have the power to specify the countries where companies can transfer personal data. This will allow businesses to send user data to servers in nations on that list. In addition, the government will establish a “Data Protection Board” to ensure compliance with the proposed law. The board will also hear user complaints.

The Data Protection Board can impose financial fines for non-compliance. The draft proposal said that the collapse of commodities to take reasonable security precautions to prevent data infringements could result in penalties of up to 2.5 billion rupees ($30.6 million).

No company or institution will be entitled to process private data that is “likely to cause harm” to children, and advertising cannot target juveniles. In addition, parental consent will be required before processing any confidential data of a child.
The law will cover unique data collected online and digitized offline data. It will also apply to processing confidential data abroad if such data involves profiling Indian users or selling assistance to them.

Security-rich cloud services for the BFSI industry

Need for Cloud Security

Cyber threats to the BFSI system are rapidly increasing. The average cost of a financial services mega breach in 2022 was USD 387 million, taking 277 days to identify and contain a violation. And hence the global community must cooperate to protect it. Financial institutions are the richest sources of personally identifiable information of clients, customers, and stakeholders—they are primary breach targets and need a comprehensive threat defense plan.

Customer expectations, emerging technologies, and alternative business models are changing, and financial institutions must start implementing an action plan to help them prepare for any future threat. Recognizing the importance of cloud adoption, safe migration, and cloud security are significant. Cloud is the most uncontroversial goal for banks and other financial services firms to store and protect data and applications and permit advanced software applications via the internet. In addition, once massive data sets are combined in one place, the institution can apply advanced analytics for integrated insights.

Benefits to BFSI by adopting Cloud technologies

By moving workloads to the cloud, financial institutions can achieve the following.

  1. Securing sensitive data of customers and mission-critical workloads safe and compliant.
  2. Mitigating risk and accelerating cloud adoption for their most sensitive workloads.
  3. Financial institutions can reshape customer experiences, streamline operations, and unlock new revenue models. Compromising security or regulatory compliance is unacceptable, especially on a public cloud.
  4. Address compliance requirements with a standard controls platform built in collaboration with the finance industry.
  5. Accelerating innovation with an ecosystem of ISVs, fintech, and SaaS providers
  6. Protecting data with industry-leading security capabilities
  7. Operate with choice and agility using hybrid cloud deployment options
  8. Reduce your time to obtain cloud production approval using a standardized framework, compliance posture documentation, and continuous compliance tooling
  9. Protection of Identity and Access through Cloud Identity and Access Management solutions. Financial Institutions must achieve authentication and authorization of user accounts and Access controls to restrict legitimate and malicious users from entering and compromising sensitive data and systems. In addition, password management, multi-factor authentication, and other methods of IAM make a strong cloud posture.

Want more from us on Cloud Services?
Please visit our service page https://tsarolabs.com/cloud-services/ to know more.
Get in touch with our security experts at connect@tsarolabs.com to understand you better!

Supply Chain Attacks

Supply chain attacks are diverse and impact various industries. For example, the manufacturing industry has witnessed massive cyber security attacks by tampering with a company’s manufacturing processes, either by hardware or software. Due to the weak links in the supply chain, criminals get access to organization data and systems to infiltrate overall digital infrastructure.

Installing Malware at any stage of the supply chain can cause either disruptions or outages of an organization’s services. Therefore, manufacturers must be aware of many familiar sources of supply chain attacks, for example, commercial software, open-source supply chains, and foreign products.

How can manufacturers detect a supply chain attack?

  • Building a systematic verification process for every possible pathway into a system. An inventory of all the assets and data pathways within a supply chain should be made, which should help detect potential security gaps within a system.
  • To create a threat model of the organization’s environment. The threat models can include assigning assets to adversary categories.
  • Cyber security training for the workforce and top management must be deployed to timely identify, respond to, and monitor the threats.

How can TSARO Labs help manufacturers Mitigate the Risk of Supply Chain Attacks?

  • Evaluate the Risk of Third Parties by complying with appropriate cybersecurity regulations, conducting self-assessments and audits, and investing in proper cyber insurance.
  • Limit Users’ Ability to Install Shadow IT (Unapproved Software) and Audit Unapproved Shadow IT Infrastructure
  • Include Appropriate Termination Clauses in Vendor Contracts
  • Review Access to Sensitive Data
  • Secure IoT Devices
  • Continually Monitor and Review Cybersecurity
  • Build Secure Software Updates as Part of the Software Development Life Cycle
  • Use Strong Code Integrity Policies To Allow Only Authorized Apps To Run
  • Using client-side protection tools to filter downloaded content, looking for—and stopping—malicious code before it gets installed on a machine on your network.

Want More from TSAROLABS on Cybersecurity?
Contact our team of cyber security experts today at connect@tsarolabs.com.

Accelerate digital transformation with 5G security testing

5G networks are currently deployed across the globe by telecom operators and private enterprises. The 5G network is more complex than the previous generation of networks. With its Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), Ultra Reliable Low Latency Communications (uRLLC) and Massive IOT capabilities, 5G supports new use cases such as virtual reality, tele surgery, autonomous transport, industry automation and connecting billions of devices.

5G networks are currently deployed across the globe by telecom operators and private enterprises. The 5G network is more complex than the previous generation of networks. With its Enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), Ultra Reliable Low Latency Communications (URLLC), and Massive IoT capabilities, 5G supports new use cases such as virtual reality, telesurgery, autonomous transport, industrial automation, and connecting billions of devices.

5G rollout also comes with numerous security concerns. Virtualization of network functions may lead to vulnerabilities such as denial of service. Software Defined Networks (SDN) are prone to attacks such as control plane threats, forwarding device attacks, API vulnerabilities, fake traffic flows, etc. 5G network attacks may even begin with exploiting the vulnerabilities in previous-generation networks. 5G core uses service-based architecture utilizing microservices deployed in cloud infrastructure. Microservices and the APIs connecting them also can open doors for attacks.

5G security is sufficiently addressed with new security frameworks such as SASE (Secure Access Secure Edge) or Zero Trust Security for the known vulnerabilities. However, with the wide variety of new 5G devices and millions of IoT devices introduced in the market with considerably fewer security features, the attack surface and vulnerabilities are also expanding.

Understanding the business impact of security breaches, simulating security threats, and planning mitigation approaches are vital for successful 5G network operations. The essential first step would be to build a comprehensive threat model to assess the network and applications’ risks and recognize the consequences of not addressing the risks. After formulating a threat model, the next important step in securing a 5G network would be to perform 5G penetration testing. Developing a comprehensive 5G security strategy is integral to the 5G deployment and validation. It must include security analysis and extensive cybersecurity testing across the supply chain, including all layers (i.e., hardware, operating system, applications, APIs, protocols), ensuring baseline security of 5G infrastructure.

Security & Vulnerability Assessment involves scanning 5G network components, devices, and applications.

5G cybersecurity assessment involves

  • Assessment of systems for compliance with regulations and standards
  • Gap analysis to unveil security holes
  • Assessment of insider and external threat
  • Assessment of active defenses and systems hardening
  • Cybersecurity patching

Information Assurance Testing involves the assessment of an organization’s security policies and procedures for operating the 5G network. It is performed using industry best practices and frameworks.
Penetration Testing is focused on the non-radio parts of the network, such as IP, network, and physical security, and tests the resilience of the 5G network security. It involves hacking, testing, and identifying vulnerabilities in networks and applications to secure them from unauthorized access.

Security Compliance Testing involves security evaluation against relevant security standards such as 3GPP Security Assurance Specifications.

Automated Network Testing involves identifying common security issues such as unpatched software, unencrypted links, poor network addressing, etc. This testing is performed using automated network security tools on the 5G network.

Public Key Security Testing involves validating Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) that uses cryptographic public keys linked to a digital certificate to authenticate devices or users. PKI certificates play a vital role in establishing and securing IoT devices, providing a high level of control and enabling large-scale device authentication, integrity, and reliable encryption.

5G security spans applications, network functions, transport layers, and cloud environments. Hence a holistic approach to testing is key to addressing security challenges and requirements. However, many network operators need help to build CI/CD pipelines and automated test suites to conduct comprehensive security testing, requiring 3rd party specialist testing service providers. Tsaro labs is a specialist security testing service provider with domain experts in cybersecurity and telecom network and applications.

Cyber security for drone industries

The Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) or drones industry has become a vast worldwide technological sensation. The extensive use of drones and UAVs has made UAS very popular for the public and the private sector, like the Agricultural industry, Armed Forces, law enforcement, meteorological agencies, medical services, environmental companies, oil refineries, windmill manufacturers, farm owners, and many more. In the next decade, drones may become a norm in day-to-day life, just as cell phones are a norm today, which they were not only a few years ago. Cybercriminals are already aware of this and always searching for new ways to use drone technology to extract sensitive information and create chaos.

Since drones are remotely controlled, their chances of being hijacked by bad actors are considerable. Major cyber domain threats caused by drone activity are Downlink intercept, GPS spoofing, data exploitation, and many more. Therefore, organizations must also be conscious of the risks and take necessary measures to secure this valuable technology.

How can we mitigate the prevailing threats?

1. Understand The Security Risks To Your Business With A Managed Vulnerability Assessment every six months.

Organizations must identify, quantify and address the security vulnerabilities within their company’s infrastructure, including on-premise and cloud networks.

Securing your platform as you would do with any network device. Some valuable tips are-

  • Update the drone’s firmware and apply a manufacturer’s ppatch.
  • Use strong passwords for the base station application.
  • Use updated anti-virus software for your drone controller device.
  • Subscribe to a VPN service to encrypt your connection.
  • Limit the number of devices that can connect to the base station.
  • Use the “Return to Home” (RTH) mode to ensure drone recovery from a hijack situation.

Counter Drones
Countermeasures should focus primarily on space protection. It is important to be able to detect drones efficiently. Thermal cameras, RF scanners, high-frequency radars, acoustic sensors, and sophisticated machine learning and AI algorithms are used for this purpose. However, drones’ small size and low speed make their detection difficult within a highly cluttered environment.
Other techniques involve geofencing software, which creates a virtual border around an area, prohibiting unauthorized drone flight.

Workforce Training
Workforce training on cyber security is essential to help you better understand, detect, respond and monitor security risks across your business.

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software
Integrating ERP solutions to provide enhanced visibility, integration, agility, and response. It also includes technology that helps maintain and sustain UAVs and other defense assets.

Deliver quality care to patients at a reduced cost through enterprise resource planning (ERP) solutions at TSARO LABS

Hospitals must ensure that all operations align with the growing number of dreaded ailments and increasing demand for world-class treatments.

Without a comprehensive system, it will be challenging to bring together all the aspects of the healthcare organization – accounting, patient management, medical supplies management, pharmacy management, and so on – on one page.

In competitive and rapid times like today’s, there is barely any task that can be undertaken manually. Therefore, especially for hospitals with a constant inflow of patients turning into receive medical help; the operations need to be driven by a system that guarantees accuracy and speed.

Our ERP or Enterprise Resource Planning specialized software solution consists of modules designed to monitor data and improve department communication. It helps healthcare businesses with automating operations, breaking data silos, streamlining information, and making sustainable decisions based on insights.

ERP provides medical businesses with real-time patient needs, data, and test reports that ensure optimal outcomes. Moreover, streamlining various diagnostic systems, electronic medical records, and patient communication systems is a significant ERP benefit for healthcare. Over time, the healthcare industry has suffered from inefficiencies in technical procedures and quality care. This leads to inaccurate operational data, vulnerability to security breaches, and typically fewer insights on cross-platform application platforms.

Hence, There is a constant need for healthcare professionals to upgrade their technology systems to make patient care more accessible. Incorporating ERP into hospital management systems will eliminate clinical errors and boost operations with productivity and aligned data analytics.

Our ERP modules are designed to cater to industry-specific needs. It covers the following vital areas:

  • Patient Management
  • Hospital Ward Management
  • Nursing Management
  • Human Resource Management
  • Inventory Management
  • Finance Management

TSAROLabs ERP solutions will have a constant infrastructure in place to meet existing and future healthcare trends and assist your business in enhancing medical care.

  1. Easier access to medical records
  2. Enhanced medical care with cloud and e-storage
  3. Diminished errors and reduced operational cost
  4. Business Intelligence Tools and strategic planning
  5. Organizational-Wise Integration
  6.  Improved industry compliance

To understand more about our ERP Healthcare Solutions, get in touch with us at connect@tsarolabs.com.

We will design modules suiting your business needs and goals.

Demystifying Uber Hack! Never Underestimate Social Engineering Skills of Attacker!

Clearly, this is what happens even if bug bounty platforms cannot prevent attacks by not paying ample amount of $$ to personal (TA) for their work!

As its, developing information, found out that the person behind this attack is of 18 years old (remember there is no age limit for threat actors/hackers) & ultimately, he doesn’t even know what exactly to do with the data that he had accessed to. Still, he found a way in, that is why it makes us feel vulnerable.

According to The New York Times, the threat actor responsible for the Uber hack claims to have gained access simply by sending a text to an Uber employee pretending to be from the company’s corporate IT team and compromised the employee’s account he used the employee’s existing VPN access to pivot to the intranet network and talking about internal network infrastructure they are often less configured and less protected and less audited compared to external infrastructure, that leaves many doors open.

TA appears to have made themselves known to Uber’s employees by posting a message on the company’s internal Slack system. “I announce I am a hacker and Uber has suffered a data breach,” screenshots of the message circulating on Twitter read. The claimed hacker then listed confidential company information they said they’d accessed and posted a hashtag saying that Uber underpays its drivers. Once the attacker compromised an employee, they appear to have used that victim’s existing VPN access to pivot to the internal network. the attacker appears to have found an internal network share that contained scripts with privileged credentials, giving them the keys to the kingdom. They claim to have compromised Uber’s Duo, OneLogin, AWS, and GSuite environments.

The threat actor also breached the Uber Slack server, which he used to post messages to employees stating that the company was hacked. However, screenshots from Uber’s slack indicate that these announcements were first met with memes and jokes as employees had not realized an actual cyberattack was taking place.

The attacker shared several screenshots of Uber’s internal environment, including their GDrive, VCenter, sales metrics, Slack, and even their EDR portal.

Uber’s AWS environment appears to be compromised as well. This screenshot of their IAM portal appears to show that the attacker has administrative access. If true, cloud access could not only include Uber’s websites, but other critical internal services as well.

The fact that the attackers appear to have compromised an IR team member’s account is worrisome. EDRs can bake in “backdoors” for IR, such as allowing IR teams to “shell into” employee machines (if enabled), potentially widening the attacker’s access.

Previous incidents:

  1. Uber hacked by teenager demanding higher pay for drivers.
  2. Lapsus$ Cyberattacks Traced to Teenager in England.
  3. Teen who hacked Bill Gates Twitter account sentenced.
  4. Teenage hackers breached T-Mobile, grabbed 30k repos.
  5. Scots ‘hacker’ could be extradited to America after manhunt.

Lessons Learnt:

  • Organizations should start using Phishing resistant MFA.
  • Awareness, and regular phishing tests of employees.
  • Centralizing authentication like SSOs can be a single point of entry for any attackers.

So, how do you prevent social engineering ?

You don’t. Stop trying. This is the basic principle of security… it’s a every day process.

You assume it will happen and put in technical safeguards to prevent or minimize impact, here is how:

  • Using phishing resistant MFA (FIDO, passkeys, etc.)
  • Do not save your credentials as plain text.
  • Investing in automation.
  • Ensuring least privilege.
  • Designing with an assumption of breach: How do we detect, contain, …? (Threat model).
  • Education is a key to minimizing possible attack surface’s against Social Engineering.
  • MFA providers should by default automatically lock accounts out temporarily when too many prompts are sent in a short period of time.

List of social engineering types of attacks

  • Phishing
  • Smishing
  • Vishing
  • Spam
  • Spam over instant messaging (SPIM)
  • Spear phishing
  • Dumpster diving
  • Shoulder surfing
  • Pharming
  • Tailgating
  • Eliciting information
  • Whaling

ERP in Manufacturing

Manufacturing is becoming more innovative and more efficient than ever before. Is your organization keeping up?
Whether you’ve had an ERP system in place for years or just now considering one, it’s essential to know what successful ERP automation looks like.
Manufacturing is rapidly changing, and the most successful companies will be those that leverage the top ERP systems for manufacturing.

ERP delivers a host of benefits within the manufacturing realm.

Inventory management – ERP is a centralized resource for data analysis, replenishment strategy, and inventory tracking from MRO to equipment spares.

Supply chain: ERP ensures visibility and organization for vendor performance tracking and can draw on data from internal and external sources to assist with more efficient supply chain planning and management.

Maintenance: Manufacturing ERP software facilitates effective care by ticketing, centralizing scheduling, and work order management while enabling robust tracking and analysis of data to maintain the effect.

Equipment performance tracking: ERP modules can hold, track and analyze data performance from sensors and reports. It enables targeted, proactive, and informed maintenance.

Quality assurance: Enterprise resource planning software can trace QA results by creating vast data stores that can help to identify maintenance needs.

Purchasing: The purchasing and requisition can be easily organized and can operate with visibility into other relevant areas of the operation through ERP.

HR: Besides manufacturing operations and support, ERP can be applied to HR functions such as performance reviews, goal tracking, and more.

ERP and its importance in the Manufacturing Industry

Real-Time Information

ERP manufacturing software mechanizes all business operations by providing accurate, real-time information. ERP improves efficiency and productivity by assisting users in navigating complex processes, preventing data re-entry, and improving production, order completion, and delivery functions.

Reduce Cost

ERP software can also help in reducing administrative and operational costs. In addition, it allows manufacturers to manage operations proactively, fends delays and disruption, and assists users in decision-making and breaking up information logjams.


Modern ERP software systems are flexible, configurable, and robust. They are not free size but can be tailored according to the needs and requirements of a business. To the unique needs of a business. ERP systems can adapt themselves to the ever-changing needs of a growing business.


ERP systems may require an investment, but there’s also a cost to doing nothing. Manufacturers must find a way to afford to put off an ERP implementation while their competition invests in ERP and starts reaping the benefits.

Solutions for ERP

ERP helps you to maintain your organization from the various barriers successfully. Generally, an ERP system looks to integrate and streamline the business operations of all departments of an organization. As a result, it increases process efficiency and product quality to help manufacturers meet their challenges. ERP works as a single system to enable real-time management of production, distribution, sales, and all the organization’s operations. In manufacturing companies, the ERP solution is typically used to synchronize the whole business under one application.

For manufacturing companies, An ERP system supplies a discrete solution which means you can get information about your business anytime and anywhere without worrying about your internal resources. In addition, it has a better managerial capability to manage product data from different aspects.

Uncovering Potential Cyber security blind spots

Supply chain attacks are an emerging threat that targets developers and suppliers of software. The main aim is to identify and get the credentials to the code source, build processes, or update mechanisms by infecting legitimate apps to distribute malware.

How supply chain attacks work

Cyber attacks hunt for unsecured network protocols, unsafe coding practices, and unprotected server infrastructures. They change codes, archive built-in malware, and update the processes as the software is built and released by trusted sources; the apps are signed and certified. In Supply Chain attacks, the origin or the vendor is not aware of updated malware infection when released to the public, and the code runs without any hassle with the same trust and permission.

The Popularity of the apps is significant, and so is the number of victims. For example, a case occurred where a free file compression app was poisoned and deployed to customers in a country where it was the top utility app.

Types of supply chain attacks

  • Compromised software building tools or updated infrastructure
  • Stolen code-sign certificates or signed malicious apps using the identity of dev company
  • Compromised specialized code shipped into hardware or firmware components.
  • Pre-installed malware on devices (cameras, USB, phones, etc.)

What can be done?

“What you don’t know can’t hurt you” may have been the oft-quoted remedy to not worrying about unknown problems. However, the strange technology footprint can create significant headaches for the organization. Therefore, one needs to live by the new maxim: “What you don’t know can hurt you.”

At an organizational level, it is crucial to acknowledge your third parties, their deployed technologies, and their underlying platforms and hardware. Apache Log4J vulnerability mentions itself as one of the classic cases. Companies were not aware of the provider system and whether they were using authentic Log4J as a part of their Product.

Some of the best practices for managing supply chain risks are:

  • A comprehensive inventory of all assets within the realm of the CIOs’ organization Shadow business applications bought by sales, marketing, quality, or shop floor environments for industrial IoT and safety.
  • Identify known third-party risks, on an ongoing basis, for not only the primary technology but the underlying platform or hardware used by the provider and plan to remediate them. Often this leads to technology upgrades with cost elements or product support issues; in such cases, near-term mitigating controls will need to be identified.
  • A process must be implemented for a periodic audit of third-party systems to identify vulnerabilities, along with a detailed source code review for gaps. Insisting on the provider to offer the same as part of the procurement process will address the heartburn later.

While the above points pertain primarily to how one interacts with third-party providers, there are a few things that one can look at doing from a hygiene perspective.

  • Limiting the number of privileged accounts: Most attackers go after these accounts to carry out significant damage, as reducing them will reduce the overall attack surface.
  • Reducing the access to sensitive data: Treat sensitive data as your crown jewel. Access to them should be restricted to a select few, and the access requests (successful/ unsuccessful) should be monitored, including geofencing.
  • Third-party vendor access: Tight control on third-party employees/contractors in terms of what they have access to, including their life cycle, needs to be implemented.
  • Control shadow IT purchases: Any purchased technology system should go through a standard security check and be included in the overall tracking inventory to avoid surprises.

In summary

The world today is running by means of technology and is connected with the strings of data, science and digital artifice. The most important thing today is data but is constantly at risk.
Millions of people and their data are joined with the weakest link that stems from that one small piece of hardware or software in a remote corner with a chance of bringing the company to a standstill. So it is high time for organizations and professionals to understand the purpose of ultimate security at every end.

Focus on this blind spot and find a way to stay abreast of risks and mitigate them.

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