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Identity and access management in the Retail Business

Identity and access management (IAM) in business refers to the processes and technologies used to manage and control access to a company’s systems, resources, and data. This includes managing user identities, authentication, and authorization to ensure that only authorized individuals have access to sensitive information. IAM solutions are used to secure access to systems, networks, and applications, and can include tools such as single sign-on (SSO), multi-factor authentication (MFA), and identity and access management platforms. These solutions help organizations to comply with regulations, protect against cyber threats, and improve overall security and efficiency.

Identity and access management (IAM) in the retail business involves the processes and technologies used to manage and secure the identities of customers, employees, and partners, as well as the access they have to sensitive information and systems. This can include authentication, authorization, and access control systems, as well as security measures such as multi-factor authentication and role-based access control. In the retail industry, IAM is used to protect customer data, prevent unauthorized access to systems, and ensure compliance with industry regulations such as PCI DSS. Additionally, retailers use IAM to manage the access of employees and partners to sensitive information and systems, such as inventory management systems and point-of-sale terminals.

In the retail industry, identity and access management (IAM) is critical for protecting sensitive customer data, preventing unauthorized access to systems, and ensuring compliance with regulations such as the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS).

One specific example of IAM in the retail industry is the use of multi-factor authentication (MFA) for customer account access. This can include using a combination of a password and a one-time code sent to a customer’s mobile phone to verify their identity before allowing them to access their account.

Another example is the use of role-based access control (RBAC) to manage employee access to sensitive systems and data. For example, a cashier may only have access to the point-of-sale system and not to the inventory management system. This limits the potential for data breaches and ensures that only authorized individuals have access to sensitive information.

In addition to these technical solutions, retail companies also use IAM policies and procedures to ensure compliance with regulations such as PCI DSS, which requires strict controls over access to payment card data. This can include regular security audits, employee training, and incident response plans.

Overall, IAM is a critical component of the retail industry, helping to protect sensitive data and maintain compliance with industry regulations, while also managing access to systems and data, to ensure that only authorized individuals have access.

In the retail industry, IAM systems may be used to control access to point-of-sale systems and sensitive customer data. This may include implementing regular security training for employees and implementing strict controls on the use of mobile devices.

Businesses also need to be compliant with the regulations and standards that are relevant to their industry, such as SOC 2, ISO 27001, HIPAA, or PCI-DSS. These regulations and standards provide guidelines on how companies should manage and protect sensitive data, and IAM plays a critical role in meeting these requirements.

Overall, IAM is a critical component of information security for businesses. It helps to ensure that only authorized individuals have access to company resources and that sensitive data is protected from unauthorized access.

Overall, regardless of the industry, an effective IAM system should be able to manage user identities, control access to resources, and monitor and report on access attempts.

TSAROLABS helps you to analyze and access your Business resources and data. We assist you to manage and restrict access to a company’s resources, data, and systems.

Related Tags:
Identity and Access, Management, Business, Security, Sensitive, Information, Single Sign-On, Cyber Threat, Authentication, Authorization.

Patch wifi router bugs in the Healthcare Industry

Netgear has constantly a high-severity vulnerability affecting more than one WiFi router fashions and suggested clients to replace their gadgets to the brand new firmware as quickly as possible.

The flaw influences more than one Wireless AC Nighthawk, Wireless AX Nighthawk (WiFi 6), and Wireless AC router fashions.

Although Netgear did now no longer expose any facts about the factor tormented by this worm or its impact, it did say that it’s far from a pre-authorization buffer overflow vulnerability.

To patch wifi router bugs in the healthcare industry, it is important to ensure that the routers are running the most recent firmware version, as this often includes security updates and bug fixes. Additionally, it is important to regularly check for any known vulnerabilities and apply any necessary patches or updates. It is also recommended to use strong, unique passwords for the router’s admin account and to enable WPA2 encryption for wireless networks. Additionally, it is also recommended to use a VPN and Firewall to secure the network and data.

The effect of a successful buffer overflow exploitation can vary from crashes following denial of carrier to arbitrary code execution, if code execution is done at some point of the attack.

Attackers can make the most of this flaw in low-complexity assaults without requiring permissions or consumer interaction.

In a protection advisory posted on Wednesday, Netgear stated it “strongly recommends that you download the cutting-edge firmware as quickly as possible.”

It’s important to note that in the healthcare industry, the security and privacy of patient data is of the utmost importance. It is thus recommended to consult with a cybersecurity expert or a healthcare IT professional to ensure that the router’s security measures are in compliance with industry regulations and standards.

TSAROLABS patch wifi router bugs, you can follow these steps:

Check the router’s firmware version: Log into the router’s admin interface and check the firmware version. If a newer version is available, download and install it.

Check for known vulnerabilities: Visit the router’s manufacturer’s website or the US-CERT website to check if there are any known vulnerabilities associated with your router’s firmware version. If there are, apply any necessary patches or updates.

Change the default password: Many routers come with a default password that is easily guessed by hackers. Change the default password to a strong, unique one.

Enable WPA2 encryption: WPA2 is the most secure encryption method for wireless networks. Make sure that WPA2 is enabled on the router.

Use a VPN or firewall: Use a virtual private network (VPN) or firewall to secure the network and protect the router from external attacks.

Regularly check for updates: Regularly check for updates on the router’s firmware to ensure that the router is protected from the latest known vulnerabilities.

It’s important to note that patching wifi router bugs is an ongoing process, and it’s important to keep the router’s firmware and security settings up-to-date.

Related Tags:
Patch wifi, Router bugs, Healthcare Industry, Netgear, Vulnerability, Firmware, Security, Cyber Crime, WPA2, Encryption.

Data Protection in virtual event: Cyber Security

Virtual events have become increasingly popular for connecting with people remotely in recent years. However, they also present unique security challenges, as they can be vulnerable to cyber-attacks.

Data protection in virtual events is essential for any industry that hosts these types of events. The specific requirements and best practices for protecting data during virtual events may vary depending on the industry, but some general principles apply across different sectors.

For example, data protection in the financial industry is especially critical as it requires strict regulatory requirements to protect sensitive financial information. Therefore, virtual events in this industry must ensure that all data transmitted during the event is encrypted and that proper security controls are in place to prevent unauthorized access.

Data protection is an important issue in the financial sector, as financial institutions handle sensitive personal and financial information for millions of customers. This information must be protected from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, alteration, and destruction, and strict regulations have been put in place to ensure that financial institutions comply with these requirements.

One of the main regulations governing data protection in the financial sector is the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which applies to companies operating in the European Union (EU). The GDPR imposes strict requirements on companies for protecting the personal data of EU citizens, and carries heavy fines for non-compliance.

In the US, the financial sector is regulated by several different laws and agencies, depending on the type of financial institution and the specific information being protected. For example, the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (GLBA) regulates the protection of nonpublic personal information held by financial institutions, while the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) regulates the protection of personal health information held by healthcare providers.

To comply with these regulations, financial institutions must implement strict data protection policies and procedures, including measures such as encryption, secure data storage and backups, access controls, and regular security audits. They must also appoint a Data Protection Officer (DPO) to oversee data protection efforts and be the point of contact for data protection authorities.

In addition to complying with regulations, financial institutions must also be prepared to respond to data breaches, which can result in significant reputational damage and financial losses. This includes having a response plan in place, training staff on how to respond to a breach, and regularly testing the plan to ensure that it is effective.

All in all, data protection is critical in the financial sector to maintain the trust of customers and comply with regulations, and financial institutions must take a comprehensive and proactive approach to protecting sensitive data.

In general, it’s essential for any industry that hosts virtual events to be aware of the unique data protection requirements and best practices for their specific sector and take steps to implement them. These include adhering to relevant regulations, encryption, enforcing access control measures, training attendees on best practices, and ongoing monitoring and logging.

Finally, consulting with the information security team or experts is crucial to evaluate the risks and develop a strategy to secure virtual events in specific industries.

TSAROLABS assists with a few critical considerations for protecting data during virtual events:

Use secure platforms:

When hosting a virtual event, use platforms with built-in security features that comply with industry standards. This will help prevent unauthorized event access and protect sensitive data.

Encrypt data:

All data transmitted during a virtual event should be encrypted to protect it from being intercepted by unauthorized parties. This includes video and audio streams, chat messages, and other information exchanged during the event.

Use strong passwords:

Make sure all accounts associated with the virtual event have strong, unique passwords. This will help prevent unauthorized event access and protect sensitive data.

Limit access:

Limit access to the virtual event to only those required to be there. This will help to prevent unauthorized access and protect sensitive data.

Train attendees:

Educate attendees about the potential risks of virtual events and encourage them to use best practices to protect their data.

Use a Virtual waiting room or registration process:

Implement a virtual waiting room or registration process to confirm the authenticity of attendees.

Use antivirus software:

Ensure all devices connected to the virtual event are protected with antivirus software.

Monitor and Logging:

Monitor the event and keep the logs of the event to take action or investigate in case of any security breach or suspicious activity

TSAROLABS follows these best practices and proposes that they help protect data during virtual events and reduce the risk of a cyber attack.

It’s always a brilliant idea to consult with the information security team or experts to evaluate the risks and develop a strategy to secure virtual events.

Related Tags:

Data Protection, virtual data, Financial Sector, Healthcare Department, Data Protection, Unauthorized Access.

Insider Threat in the Banking Sector

Insider threats refer to the risk of harm that people can cause within an organization, such as employees, contractors, or business partners, who have authorized access to the organization’s assets and information. Insider threats can be intentional (e.g., theft of intellectual property or sabotage) or unintentional (e.g., accidentally exposing sensitive information or inadvertently introducing malware into the network).

Insider threats can be a significant concern for banks and other financial institutions. These threats can come in the form of employees, contractors, or business partners who have authorized access to the organization’s systems and data, but who misuse that access for malicious purposes. Some examples of insider threats faced by the banking sector include:

Employees who intentionally or accidentally expose sensitive information, such as customer data or financial records, to unauthorized parties.
Employees who steal sensitive data for personal gain, such as by selling it on the black market or using it to commit fraud.

Employees who use their access to disrupt operations or steal from the organization, either directly or through the use of malware or other cyberattacks.

Contractors or business partners who have access to the organization’s systems and data and who use that access to gain an unfair advantage or to harm the organization.

To mitigate these risks, banks and financial institutions can implement a range of measures, including employee training and awareness programs, technical controls to monitor and restrict access to sensitive data, and robust incident response and recovery processes

In the banking sector, insider threats can take many forms, including employees who deliberately or unintentionally disclose sensitive information, steal assets, or engage in other activities that harm the organization. Insider threats can also include contractors or business partners who have access to the organization’s systems and resources.

Insider threats can have significant financial and reputational consequences for organizations. According to a report by the Ponemon Institute, the average cost of an insider threat incident in 2020 was $11.45 million, with a median price of $755,760 per incident. The report also found that insider-associated incidents accelerated by 47% in the past year.
Insider threats can be challenging to detect and prevent because the perpetrators often have authorized access to the organization’s assets and information. As a result, organizations need to implement robust access controls to mitigate the risk of insider threats, continuously monitor for unusual activity, provide employees with training on cybersecurity best practices, implement technical rules, and conduct thorough background checks on employees and contractors.


There are several steps that banks can take to mitigate insider threats:

  • Establish clear policies and procedures: It is important to have clear policies in place that outline acceptable and unacceptable behavior, as well as the consequences for violating these policies.
  • Conduct background checks: Banks should conduct thorough background checks on all employees and contractors to identify any potential red flags.
  • Implement access controls: Access controls can help prevent unauthorized access to sensitive information and systems. This can include measures such as password management and two-factor authentication.
  • Monitor employee activity: Banks should have systems in place to monitor employee activity on a regular basis, including monitoring of emails and other communications.
  • Provide training: Training can help employees understand the importance of protecting sensitive information and how to identify and report potential insider threats.

Overall, managing insider threat requires a combination of technical controls and strong policies and procedures, as well as ongoing employee education and awareness.

TSAROLABS has efficiently implemented and introduced revolutionary cyber security solutions to meet the above challenges, contributing to the organizational ROI.

Contact us for more details.

Related tags: Insider Threat, Bank and Finance, Unauthorized Party, Policies, Procedures, Technical Control, Awareness, Implement access controls, Ponemon Institute

Tech Trend of 2023

Metaverse Meetup

The next wave of digital change is here, providing forward-looking companies with an opportunity to act today to be ready for the future.

Welcome to the Metaverse Continuum—a spectrum of digitally enhanced worlds, realities and business models poised to revolutionize life and enterprise in the next decade.

It applies to all aspects of business, from consumer to worker and across the enterprise; from reality to virtual and back; from 2D to 3D and from cloud and artificial intelligence to extended reality, blockchain, digital twins, edge technologies and beyond. As the next evolution of the internet, the metaverse will be a continuum of rapidly emerging capabilities, use cases, technologies and experiences.

The Metaverse Continuum will transform how businesses interact with customers, how work is done, what products and services companies offer, how they make and distribute them, and how they operate their organizations.

New consumer, New Outlook

Metaverses will transport us to almost any type of world we can imagine, to play games, socialize or relax.

The physical world comes to life with new possibilities, environments, and then environments, each with its own set of rules. We already have small, smart physical worlds: smart factories, smart cruise ships, and automated ports. Tomorrow we will see them grow into smart neighborhoods, cities, and countries where massive digital twins mirror physical reality. And the purely digital world is also expanding. Large corporations will have their own internal metaverse so that employees can work and interact from anywhere. In our free time, new consumer metaverses will transport us to almost any type of world we can imagine, to play games, socialize or relax.

While we are in the early days of the metaverse, leaders who shy away from the uncertainty of the metaverse will soon be operating in worlds defined by others.

Businesses will find themselves on the front lines of establishing safety and defining the human experience in these worlds. Trust will be paramount; existing concerns around privacy, bias, fairness and human impact are sharpening as the line between people’s physical and digital lives blurs. Leading enterprises will shoulder the charge for building a responsible metaverse, and are setting the standards now.

As these developments challenge our basic understanding of technology and business, we are entering a new environment where there are no rules or expectations. It is time to build and shape the world of tomorrow.

Designing Tomorrow’s Continuum Today

As in the early days of the Internet, companies are aiming for a very different future than originally intended. Over the next 10 years, we will see complete change in almost every environment in which companies do business.
Good news?

There is still time to move forward, but businesses must start making bold technology investments. At a minimum, we need to prioritize the remaining gaps in digital transformation, from delayed cloud migrations to mandated data and analytics programs. But to really start this new journey, we need to build this digital foundation. It’s time to finally choose a partner to create a digital twin, use AI beyond data and analytics in a more descriptive and collaborative way, or launch a moonshot project that’s increasingly mission-critical.

Only with a mature and well-oiled digital engine will companies be ready to engage (or create) new environments and worlds.

Aligning the Metaverse – Four Trends

This year’s Tech Vision looks at how today’s technological innovations are becoming the building blocks for all of us in the future. Trends explore the entire continuum from virtual to physical for both humans and machines.


WebMe looks at how the Internet is being reshaped. Over the past two years, companies have been exploring new ways for digital experiences and pushing people to live virtual lives on a scale they never expected. Now, a metaverse is emerging that aligns the way the internet works with what we will demand in the future.

Programmable World

The value of the new virtual world would be limited without parallel changes anchoring it to the physical world.
Programmable World tracks how technology exists in its physical environment in increasingly sophisticated ways. It shows how the convergence of new technologies like 5G is changing the way businesses interact with the physical world.
Soon we will be able to unlock unprecedented levels of control, automation and personalization.

The Unreal

We are exploring the emergence of The Unreal, a trend in which our environments are increasingly populated by human machines. The “unrealistic” nature is also inherent in the data used by AI and businesses. However, they are also used by attackers, from deepfakes to bots and more. Like it or not, companies have found themselves at the forefront of a world wondering what is real and what is fake, and whether the line between the two really matters.

Computing the Impossible

Finally, when we start counting the impossible, we will reset the boundaries of traditional industries. New kinds of machines are pushing the limits of computing power. Quantum, biology and high-performance computers enable companies to solve some of the most complex problems in the industry.

We stand in a unique abyss. There are new technologies that can be leveraged, but competing in the next decade will require more than technological and innovative skills. This requires a truly competitive vision of what this future world will look like and what companies need to be in order to succeed. Technology points us in the right direction, the rest is up to you.

Related Tags:

Tech Trends, 2022, Metaverse meetup, Coud, Artificial Intelligence, Extended Reality, Blockchain, Digital Twins, Edge Technologies, Technology, Machines, Metaverse Trends, WebMe, Programmable World, Computing the Impossible.

Cybersecurity issues to worry about in 2023

Cybersecurity issues we face today still need to be fixed, and we are heading towards another year with evolving technologies, and a fast-changing world also means new challenges.

Indeed, there are some constants. For example, ransomware has significantly affected the cyber industry for years and is still prevalent. In addition, cybercriminals persist in maturing their invasions. Considerable numbers of enterprise networks remain vulnerable, often due to security flaws for which updates have long been available.
If you think you have mastered the software vulnerability in your network at any point, the future holds some significant dangers to worry about.
Look at the Log4j flaw: a year ago, it was utterly unfamiliar, creeping within the code. When it got its existence in Dec, it was conveyed by the head of CISA as one of the most severe flaws.
Even in late 2022, it is still considered an often unmediated security defect hidden within many organizations’ codes that’ll continue in the coming years.

Security skills shortages
Whatever the most delinquent cyberpunk gimmick or safety gap found by people, researchers, and not technology. They are always at the core of cybersecurity, for good and for ill.

That focus starts at the primary level, where the employees can recognize phishing links or a business email compromise scam, and managers utilize the proper data security team that can assist and monitor corporate defenses.
But cybersecurity skills are in high demand, so there need to be more attendants to look at approximately.

“As cyber threats evolve more sophisticated, we need the resources and the right skill sets to battle them. Because without specialized skill, communities are really at stake,” says Kelly Rozumalski, senior vice president and lead for the national cyber defense at Booz Allen Hamilton.

“We need to encourage people from various backgrounds, from computer engineering and coding to psychology, to explore more about cybersecurity. Because for us to win the war on aptitude, we need to be dedicated to not just employing but to building, retaining, and investing in our talent,” she says.
Organizations must have the people and processes to prevent or detect cyberattacks. In addition, there is the resumed day-to-day threat of malware attacks, phishing or ransomware campaigns from cyber-criminal gangs, and the threat from hackers and hostile nation-states.

New and more significant supply chain threats
While cyberspace has been a colosseum for international intelligence and other movements for some time, the contemporary multinational geopolitical surroundings are constructing supplemental dangers.

Matt Gorham, cyber and privacy invention institute manager, stated, “We’re going back to a geopolitical paradigm that features great strength competition, a place we haven’t been in several decades.”

He adds, “And we’re doing that when there’s no true agreement, red lines, or norms in cyberspace.”

For example, Russia’s ongoing invasion of Ukraine has targeted the technology involved in running critical infrastructure.

In the hours running up to the beginning of the invasion, satellite transmissions provider Viasat was influenced by an outage that disrupted broadband connections in Ukraine and across other European countries, an event that Western intelligence agents have attributed to Russia. Elon Musk mentioned that Russia has tried to hack the systems of Starlink, the satellite communications network run by his SpaceX rocket firm supplying internet access to Ukraine.

Security has to have a seat at the table, which is very necessary. But you need to consider strategically how to mitigate those threats because these devices are essential,” Rozumalski says – and she thinks that improvement is being made, with boardrooms becoming more aware of cybersecurity issues. However, there’s still much work to do.

“I think we’ve taken many steps over the past year that will start to put us in a better and a better light and be able to combat some of these threats in the future.”

And she’s not the only one who thinks that, while cybersecurity and cybersecurity budgets still need more attention, things are generally moving in the right direction.

“There’s an increasing realization that it’s a significant and broad threat, and there is significant risk out there – that makes me have some optimism,” says PwC’s Gorham. However, he’s aware that cybersecurity isn’t suddenly going to be perfect. As the world moves into 2023, there will still be plenty of challenges.

He adds, “The threat’s not going away – it’s significant and only going to become more significant as we transform digitally. But coming to terms with it today is a good sign for the future.”

Related Tags

Cybersecurity, Evolving Technologies, New Challenges, CISA, digital transformation, Software Vulnerability, Log4j, cyberpunks, phishing links, ransomware, Kelly Rozumalaski, Matt Gorham, Russia, Ukraine, Elon Musk, SpaceX.

HealthCare Sector at CyberAttack Risk

Digital technologies are making Patient care easy and efficient and are providing better outcomes. Regardless, the upgrade of digital technologies and the increasing interconnectedness between different healthcare systems come with advancing cybersecurity dangers.

The advantages of healthcare technology advancement are undeniable. For example, electronic health records (EHRs) have evolved critically to enhance Patient outcomes and diagnostics, with 75% of healthcare providers conveying that EHRs help them supply adequate patient supervision.

Providers are rapidly relying on technological advances that have raised healthcare cybersecurity threats. For example, the cybersecurity company Emsisoft reports that the U.S. had over 560 Cyberattacks against healthcare facilities in 2020.
What can healthcare organizations do to manage cyber Attacks? Following are some strategies to follow:

  • Enforcing Technical and technological cybersecurity measures
  • Constructing a group of skilled professionals to ensure cybersecurity in the healthcare department.
  • Designing a healthcare cybersecurity strategy focused on patient privacy protection
  • Addressing vulnerabilities in legacy systems in healthcare
  • Keeping tabs on new consequences to comprehend information technology (IT) challenges

These measures can strengthen an association’sassociation’s cybersecurity protection, underrate security breaches in healthcare, and ensure that critical systems remain active to reduce the impact on patient supervision.

Healthcare Cyber Security: Critical Issue

It is an area of information technology that focuses on safeguarding healthcare systems. These systems contain EHRs, health tracking devices, medical equipment, and healthcare delivery and management software. Healthcare cybersecurity concentrates on controlling attacks by protecting systems from unauthorized credentials and exposing patient information. The primary purpose is to assure the confidentiality, availability, and integrity of crucial patient data, which, if compromised, could put patient lives at stake.

Hospitals board hundreds and even thousands of patients, and as a result, they become excellent targets for hackers and make healthcare cybersecurity a critical consideration for hospital administrators.

Hancock Regional Hospital in Greenfield, Indiana, experienced an attack in 2018 and revealed how a ransomware attack could affect cybersecurity in hospitals. Cyberpunks accessed backup system data and eternally corrupted files, including EHRs.

Yet, the hospital stayed functional even after the IT team closed down the network.
However, the attack did affect the hospital financially, and it had to settle for a ransom of Four Bitcoins, i.e., $55,000, in exchange for its leaked data.

Cyberattacks come in numerous constitutions, from ransomware to theft of personal information. However, four issues are common throughout healthcare:

  • Patient privacy protection
  • The vulnerabilities of legacy systems
  • The challenges of IT in healthcare
  • Security breaches in healthcare

Patient privacy protection

As the healthcare industry is becoming more technologically associated, the risk of cyber theft also increases. The two types of robbery are outside theft and insider misuse.

External theft: Hackers outside a healthcare organization infiltrate Healthcare System and steal the Patient’sPatient’s Data for financial gains. For example, they use patients’ information to submit fraudulent claims to health insurers. External theft can also retain cyberpunks pushing healthcare organizations to settle a ransom amount in recovery for restoring patient data systems.

Insider misuse: Insider misuse often comes from stealing patients’ information for financial benefits or malicious intent. Other types of insider mishandling include curiosity (unwarranted access to data unrelated to care delivery) and comfort (overriding security protocols to make a job more accessible). Involuntary activities, such as human mistakes, mistyping, opening, or clicking phishing emails, make up the rest of insider misuse cases.

Vulnerabilities of legacy systems in healthcare

Despite various benefits, digitization offers many healthcare systems that keep outdated legacy systems for the following reasons:

Strict Budget: Shifting to a further system includes the expenses of purchasing the latest technology and paying technicians. It may also mean downtime, which facilitates possibilities for a healthcare structure to generate revenue.

Compliance guarantee: New equipment and technology can be tedious, therefore, organizations already gone through the process once, may surely prefer to avoid undertaking it again.

Upskilling costs: Training staff on new methods is time-consuming and expensive but essential to underrate mistakes. Jointly with training from technology agents, can aid supervisors in incorporating teamwork principles into contemporary healthcare strategies.

Complacency: Healthcare associations may restore an issue only after a system collapse. A bold strategy for substituting legacy systems can help avoid future problems.

Challenges of IT in healthcare

The advanced use of IT in healthcare has delivered advantages such as finer communication between doctors and patients, mechanization of manual duties, and improved contact between physicians caring for the same patients. In addition, IT and digitization have entrusted patients to make sounder judgments about their supervision, as patients have greater access to data about their fitness.

Benefits of IT and digitization in healthcare:

  • Easing inefficiencies
  • Enhancing healthcare access
  • Reducing healthcare expenses
  • Improving maintenance grade
  • Delivering personalized treatment for patients

To accomplish the advantages, related technologies are essential, although they are also prey for cyberattacks and data breaches. Despite external violations exceeding inner misuse as the predominant source of security risk, internal abuse is typical in the healthcare industry compared with other sectors, according to Verizon.

Security breaches in healthcare

In 2020, the healthcare industry witnessed hackers seizing the benefit of COVID-19 apprehensions. One example concerned an email about a presumed “coronavirus map” to track COVID-19 cases, and on clicking the link, it triggered information stealer malware that stole passwords and credit card information.
Some of the most significant data violations of 2020 came from vulnerabilities in healthcare vendor systems, phishing attacks, and fraud schemes.

Related Tag- phishing attack, cyberrisk, cyberattack, healthcare risk, breaches, security, patient privacy protection, healthsector cyberrisk, cybersecurity

Industrial Control System

Sometimes, you can deploy firewalls or physical security measures to segment an asset and prevent an intrusion. In other circumstances, you may have to transition to an entirely new approach—even if that means replacing an otherwise functional segment.

Common ICS Threats

Years ago, the industrial cycle was powered by machines without computational abilities. Therefore, they could not be influenced by secluded hacks, network interruptions, or data exfiltration. However, in the existing industrial landscape, there are several omnipresent threats.

External Threats and Targeted Attacks

Because industrial processes directly impact many people’s health and quality of life, they are often the prey of hacktivists, terrorists, and others seeking detriment.

It requires a defense-in-depth strategy that covers crucial systems from those striving to interrupt or stop necessary procedures. Even a momentary interruption would be adequate to influence the lives of thousands. An outer person or group aims to steal intellectual property, exfiltrate data or stop production to either yield a competitive benefit or cause damage to targeted parties.

Internal Threats

As many ICS systems lack authentication standards that govern who can access respective production elements, when a person has been granted access, they may be able to affect many machines and systems all by themselves. This makes internal threats particularly problematic because one individual can do much harm.

With the preface of malware to a software-dependent system, it can halt the entire production. Also, with credentials to an internal database, a thief can pocket large amounts of data quickly and easily.

Human Error

Human error—such as misconfiguring equipment, incorrectly programming machinery, or overlooking alerts—can considerably affect operations. Often, these mistakes may result from a well-meaning person serving someone with more understanding of operating a machine or system—their lack of experience upshots in pricey supervision.

ICS Security Best Techniques

Limit access to the crucial regions of the system’s network and functionality. For example, firewalls can form a fence between the machinery and the organization’s grid.

Confine those who do not need a physical permit to come into contact with necessary ICS apparatuses. This may enclose physical actions like guards or digital methods such as card readers.

Use security measures for individual elements of the ICS. To do this, you can block unused ports, seat security patches, and implement least-privilege principles to ensure that only those who require access to the system can.
Safeguard data from being altered while it is being stored or transmitted.

Security Standards

Several security standards are commonly involved in ICS cybersecurity. These incorporate the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Special Publication (SP) 800-82, legislated by the U.S. Department of Commerce to sustain advanced secure, valuable methods in industrial backgrounds.

Also, the American National Standards Institute/International Society of Automation has published the ANSI/ISA A99 benchmark. This body sustains automated interfaces for establishments managing their control systems.

How Can TSAROLABS Assist?

The TSAROLABS industrial control systems/supervisory control and data acquisition key protect various industrial aids and approaches. Security is facilitated by preferring the most efficacious tools for corporate IT infrastructures, concealing from the data camp to the network edge to the cloud.

Visibility hinges on defining the attack surface’s various elements and the data traveling to and from each area. Control is achieved through network segmentation and micro-segmentation, sandboxing, quarantining, and multi-factor authentication (MFA) strategies to control who has credentials to limit the consequence of events.
Behavioral analytics studies the practices of users, computers, and networks to detect risk events and incorporates reacting to events and limiting or inverting their impact on the system.

Related Tags
Cybersecurity, Cyber Attack, Industrial Control System, Firewalls, Network Interruption, data exfiltration, Internal Threat, Human Error.

The Uncharted Maritime – A Cyber Risk, that India needs to address immediately

Maritime cyber risk alludes to a proportion of the degree to which an innovation resource could be a potential circumstance or event, which might bring about transportation-related operations, safety, or security failures because of data or frameworks being corrupted, lost or compromised.

Cyberattacks on overall port offices have featured the critical requirement for port facility security officers (PFSOs) to redesign their network safety information and abilities.

According to IMO (International Maritime Organization), the Maritime Safety Committee, at its 98th session in June 2017, also adopted Resolution MSC.428(98) – Maritime Cyber Risk Management in Safety Management Systems. The resolution encourages administrations to ensure that cyber risks are appropriately addressed in existing safety management systems (as defined in the ISM Code) no later than the first annual verification of the company’s Document of Compliance after 1 January 2021.

Recently, some port communities have taken key first steps to drive cyber security capability development in their environments by engaging with investors and experts. For example, cyber security efforts are rapidly strengthening at key port trade hubs as a direct result of a new wave of investment accelerators, technical centers of excellence, and academic programs focused on innovative technologies, including start-ups in ports and maritime trade logistics.

Cybertechnologies have become essential to the operation and management of numerous systems critical to the safety and security of shipping and protection of the marine environment. In some cases, these systems are to comply with international standards and Flag Administration requirements. However, the vulnerabilities created by accessing, interconnecting, or networking these systems can lead to cyber risks which should be addressed. Vulnerable systems could include, but are not limited to:

  •  Bridge systems
  • Cargo handling and management systems
  • Propulsion and machinery management and power control systems
  • Access control systems
  • Passenger servicing and management systems
  • Passenger facing public networks
  • Administrative and crew welfare systems and
  • Communication systems

Also, Cyber incidents can arise as the result of:

  • A cyber security incident, which affects the availability and integrity of OT, for example corruption of chart data held in an Electronic Chart Display and Information System (ECDIS).
  • An unintended system failure occurring during software maintenance and patching, for example using an infected USB drive to complete the maintenance.
  • Loss of or manipulation of external sensor data, critical for the operation of a ship. This includes but is not limited to Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), of which the Global Positioning System (GPS) is the most frequently used.
  • Failure of a system due to software crashes and/or “bugs”.
  • Crew interaction with phishing attempts, which is the most common attack vector by threat actors, which could lead to the loss of sensitive data and the introduction of malware to shipboard systems.

Perceiving that no two associations in the transportation business are something similar, these Guidelines are communicated in expansive terms to have a far-reaching application. Ships with restricted digital related frameworks might track down a basic use of these Guidelines to be adequate; in any case, ships with complex digital related frameworks might require a more prominent degree of care and ought to look for extra assets through respectable industry and Government accomplices.

A few functional elements that support effective cyber risk management and these functional elements are of not sequential, and all should be concurrent and continuous in practice and should be incorporated appropriately in a risk management framework:

  1. Identify: Define personnel roles and responsibilities for cyber risk management and identify the systems, assets, data, and capabilities that, when disrupted, pose risks to ship operations.
  2. Protect: Implement risk control processes and measures, and contingency planning to protect against a cyber-event and ensure continuity of shipping operations.
  3. Detect: Develop and implement activities necessary to detect a cyber-event in a timely manner.
  4. Respond: Develop and implement activities and plans to provide resilience and to restore systems necessary for shipping operations or services impaired due to a cyber-event.
  5. Recover: Identify measures to back-up and restore cyber systems necessary for shipping operations impacted by a cyber-event.

Few Organizations to watch:

IAPH (International Association of ports and Harbors) – Founded in 1955, is a non-profit-making global alliance of 170 ports and 140 port-related organizations covering 90 countries. Its member ports handle more than 60 percent of global maritime trade and around 80 percent of world container traffic. IAPH has consultative NGO status with several United Nations agencies. In 2018, IAPH established the World Ports Sustainability Program (WPSP). WPSP covers five main areas of collaboration: energy transition, resilient infrastructure, safety and security, community outreach and governance.

ICHCA (International Cargo Handling Coordination Association) -Founded in 1952, is dedicated to improving the safety, security, sustainability, productivity and efficiency of cargo handling by all modes and through all phases of national and international supply chains. ICHCA International’s privileged NGO status enables it to represent its members and industry at large in front of national and international agencies and regulatory bodies including IMO. ICHCA’s International Technical Panel also provides technical advice and publications on a wide range of practical cargo handling issues.

Cyberattack scenarios at the port community level

  • Acquiring critical data to steal high value cargo or allow illegal trafficking through a targeted attack.
  • Propagation of ransomware leading to a total shutdown of port operations.
  • Compromise of port community systems for manipulation or theft of data.
  • Compromise of operational technology systems creating a major accident in port areas.

The Organizational ISSUE: To exacerbate the situation, implications will fill the vacuum made by the shortfall of normal definitions. For instance, when the term ‘cyber security’ emerges in the administration gatherings of numerous associations, non-technical leadership habitually highlight the “IT Person” as the de-facto individual answerable for dealing with the cyber risk. Such a response, and the practically visually impaired spread of this insight inside numerous associations and gatherings thereof, basically addresses a dismissal of aggregate liability. C-level administration could rather embrace by figuring out that digitalization and cyber security “are not IT issues, but rather business issues.” However, establishing a shared vocabulary is just the first step in creating a common language. The challenge remains to bridge the language barrier between technical and nontechnical leadership, with the latter group representing most port community stakeholders.

Asking yourself? What is lacking in Cyber defense of port security?

While the reasons for the lack of a community approach vary with each port, typical contributing factors include:

  1. Lack of a Port Community Policy
  2. Lack of Visibility
  3. Unwillingness to Share Cyber Information
  4. Lack of Resources
  5. Early Warning System
  6. Collaboration Forum

Case Study Example:

  • The Port of Los Angeles Cyber Security Operations Center employs advanced technologies with layered detection capabilities. At the perimeter of the network, some 40 million unauthorized intrusion attempts are blocked every month. Within the network, multiple intrusion detection layers are used to continuously search for, detect and contain suspicious activities.
  • The Port of Rotterdam Authority has developed its own cyber crisis response strategy which includes a Port Crisis Team. The aim of this team is to make strategic decisions on the continuation of safe and efficient handling of shipping. The Port Crisis Team is supported by three action centers. One focuses on maritime issues, another on solving the IT issue at hand and the final center aims to align communication (both inward and outward) between the parties involved.

Recent Scenario in India:

Mumbai Port under Ransomware attack: A suspected cyber-attack of the management information system (MIS) has vastly affected the container terminal run by the state-owned port authority at Jawaharlal Nehru Port which handles about 50% of the overall containerized cargo volume, across major ports in India, this incident was happened on February 21, 2022. This the same port that was under cyber attack in the year 2017 as well, as you see the more blind spotted Ness among the companies that handle the ports and government of India not taking proper measurements like the contingency plans for cyber threats and action response/ Incident response to happen this has been failed. As this port is handled by Danish shipping giant AP Moller-Maersk, which said that the cyber-attack had caused outages in its computer systems globally and couldn’t share proper details.

As these types of attacks will increase the load at other connected ports and without proper contingency plans, we can say it’s a clear “Critical Infrastructure Failure” by the government and by the shipping community which I personally hope they will resolve this at the earliest.

This is one of the key Industrial Control Security failure that a developing country like India, with huge population needs to address immediately as Nation wide threat actors are espying on the areas of vulnerabilities.

Published bySai Ram







Related Tags- cyberrisk, cyberattack, transportation, data, framework, cybertechnology, security, cybersecurity, sensordata, protect, detect, protection

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